School Bus Pollution Research

No Breathing in the Aisles: Diesel Exhaust Inside School Buses – January 2001 – The Natural Resource Defense Council and the Coalition for Clean Air released the first comprehensive study of diesel emission levels on school buses and how to reduce them.  [Full Report PDF]

Children’s Exposure to Diesel Exhaust on School Buses – February 2002 –  Yale University and the University of Connecticut’s Environmental Research Institute published a study on how to reduce children’s exposure to the harmful components of diesel fuel exhaust on school buses.  [Full Report PDF]

Health Assessment Document for Diesel Engine Exhaust – May 2002 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency‘s National Center for Environmental Assessment in the Office of Research and Development conducted an assessment of the health effects of long-term and short-term exposure to diesel engine exhaust over.  [Full Report PDF]

Evaluation of Mechanisms of Exhaust Intrusion into School Buses and Feasible Mitigation Measures – January 11, 2006 – The University of California’s Center for Environmental Research and Technology along with their Environmental Science and Engineering Program published a study commissioned by the California Air Resources Board.  The study looked at how school buses exhaust emissions entered school bus passenger compartments and how to reduce the levels of contamination.  [Full Report PDF]

Adopting Clean Fuels and Technologies on School Buses: Pollution and Health Impacts in Children- April 9, 2015 –  The University of Michigan’s Department of Epidemiology published a study on the beneficial health effects of switching to ultra low sulfur diesel and clean air technology for the children riding on school buses.  [Full Report PDF]

Reducing Air Pollution Exposure in Passenger Vehicles and School Buses – April 10, 2015 – The UCLA Fielding School of Public Health Department of Environmental Health Sciences prepared a study on how well high efficiency cabin air filters worked to reduce levels of particulate matter, black carbon and ultrafine particulates on school buses for the California Air Resources Board and the California Environmental Protection Agency.  [Full Report PDF]

 

School Bus Pilot Programs

California Air Resource Board’s Economic Electric School Bus Pilot Program Final Report – June 2, 2014 – The California Air Resources Board funded a project to test if plug-in electric school buses could replace traditional pollution causing diesel school buses.  Transpower converted a new 2008 diesel-powered Thomas Built HDX type D school bus with their electric drivetrain system.  [Synopsis Article] [Full Report PDF]

Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources’ Electric School Bus Pilot Project Evaluation – April 20, 2018 – This report was published by the Vermont Energy Investment Corporation on April 20, 2018.  Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources conducted the first cold weather electric school bus evaluation conducted using the first eLion electric school buses in the United States.  Three buses were tested using three different schools over the course of the 2017-2018 school year. [Full Report PDF]

NYCDEP Air Quality Reports

New York City Department of Environmental Protection’s Air Report for Fiscal Year 2014 – New York City’s Department of Environmental Protection creates annual reports on how various agencies are complying with statutes designed to improve the cities air quality.  Local Law 42 required that by September 1, 2006, certain General Education diesel fuel-powered school buses use ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel and that by September 1, 2007, all of these school buses use best available retrofit technology to reduce emissions.  This report can be found on pages 25-27.  [Full Report PDF]

New York City Department of Environmental Protection’s Air Report for Fiscal Year 2015 – New York City’s Department of Environmental Protection creates annual reports on how various agencies are complying with statutes designed to improve the cities air quality.  Local Law 42 required that by September 1, 2006, certain General Education diesel fuel-powered school buses use ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel and that by September 1, 2007, all of these school buses use best available retrofit technology to reduce emissions.  This report can be found on pages 12-13.  [Full Report PDF]

New York City Department of Environmental Protection’s Air Report for Fiscal Year 2016 – New York City’s Department of Environmental Protection creates annual reports on how various agencies are complying with statutes designed to improve the cities air quality.  Local Law 42 required that by September 1, 2006, certain General Education diesel fuel-powered school buses use ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel and that by September 1, 2007, all of these school buses use best available retrofit technology to reduce emissions.  This report can be found on pages 18-19.  [Full Report PDF

Cost Analysis of Transition to Electric Propulsion

Electric Bus Analysis for New York City Transit –  Unfortunately there is not much research done on the cost benefits of transitioning to electric school buses.  This report is done on transit buses but the benefits and issues are a very close analog.  But you should also take into consideration that there are about three times as many school buses in New York City as Transit buses.  So the impact of going to full electric school buses would be even greater.  [Synopsis Article] [Full Report PDF]

Electric Buses in Cities: Driving Towards Cleaner Air and Lower CO2 – March 29, 2018 –  Bloomberg New Energy Finance conducted a report on behalf of C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group to evaluate strategies for successful deployment of electric buses.  [Full Report PDF]

Electric Buses: Clean Transportation for Healthier Neighborhoods and Cleaner Air- May 2018 – United States Public Interest Research Group, the Frontier Group, and Environment America‘s Research and Policy Center conducted a study to determine what would be the benefits of transitioning transit and school buses from diesel and other fossil fuels to electric. [Full Report PDF]

School Bus Sales Research

School Bus Sales for North America from 2007 to 2016 – SchoolBusFleet.com did a report on the sales trends for North America of school buses from 2007 to 2016.  They also divided the sales between the United States and Canada along with the class of school bus.  [Chart]

School Bus Sales for North America from 2008 to 2017 – SchoolBusFleet.com did a report on the sales trends for North America of school buses from 2008 to 2017. They also divided the sales between the United States and Canada along with the class of school bus. [Chart]

2012-2013 State by State School Bus Census – Schoolfleet.com conducted a study of the number of school buses in each state along with the number of students that ride school buses and how much money is spent on school bus operations.  [Chart]

Number of School Buses in New York

Number of School Buses used by the New York City Department of Education – Updated April 2018 – New York City does not own any school buses, so all of the school buses have to be acquired from private contractors by the Department of Education (DOE).  The DOE’s Office of Pupil Transportation keeps a record of all the vendor vehicle inventory for school years 2015-16, 2016-18 and 2017-18.  We have reorganized the records to show the total number of school buses from each vendor for each year reported.  [Chart]

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